Lake Kariba is the world's largest man-made lake and reservoir by volume. It lies 1,300 kilometres upstream from the Indian Ocean, along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The name Kariba comes from the word Kariva or karinga, meaning trap, which refers to a rock jutting out from the gorge where the dam wall was to be built.
The matter was solved in 1951 by a board of experts known as “the Panel” who all agreed that the dam be built on the Zambezi River, at the Kariba Gorge site. Kariba Dam was designed by the French engineer and inventor Andre Coyne. Kariba is one of Zambia's most popular attractions due to its vast size. In 1958 it became the world's largest man-made lake and provided hydroelectricity to Zimbabwe and Zambia.